The Legal System of India

The Legal System of India

Unlock the secrets to successfully navigating India's complex legal system with this comprehensive guide for both citizens and businesses.


Welcome to our blog, where we explore various aspects of the Indian legal System. In this post, we will discover the details of the legal system in India, from its structure and functioning to its challenges and strengths. The Indian legal System plays a crucial role in upholding the rule of law and ensuring justice for all citizens. Let us uncover the inner workings of this vital institution and examine its impact on the legal landscape of the country.

The legal system of India is a complex and diverse framework that encompasses civil law, common law, customary law, religious law, and corporate law. Each of these components plays a significant role in shaping the legal landscape of the country.

  • Civil law is based on legislation and codified statutes, providing a clear structure for resolving disputes.
  • Common law, on the other hand, relies on judicial decisions and precedents to guide legal interpretations and decisions.
  • Customary law reflects the traditions and practices of specific communities, while religious law draws from religious texts and principles to govern certain aspects of life.
  • Corporate law pertains to regulations and rules that govern business entities and transactions.

Together, these various legal traditions create a multifaceted system that addresses a wide range of legal issues in India.


What is the Judiciary?

The Judiciary serves as the branch of government responsible for interpreting and applying the law. It is comprised of a system of courts at both the state and federal levels, each with the authority to hear and decide legal disputes. The judiciary is tasked with upholding the constitution, ensuring that laws are applied fairly and consistently, and protecting the rights of individuals. Judges play a vital role in the judiciary by presiding over cases, applying legal principles to the facts presented, and issuing decisions that determine the outcome of legal disputes. The judiciary also plays a crucial role in checking the power of the other branches of government, ensuring that they act within the confines of the law.


The Indian Constitution as the Supreme Guide

The Indian Constitution stands as the supreme guide for the country, providing a framework that outlines the rights and responsibilities of its citizens. It serves as a cornerstone of democracy, ensuring that the principles of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity are upheld. With its detailed provisions and checks and balances, the Constitution acts as a roadmap for governance, promoting the rule of law and protecting the interests of all individuals. Through its adaptability and ability to evolve with the changing times, the Indian Constitution remains a dynamic and indispensable document that continues to shape the course of the nation's progress. Its significance cannot be overstated, as it serves as a guiding light for the functioning of the government and the rights of the people.


The Supreme Court: The Boss of All Courts

The Supreme Court holds the highest authority in the judicial system, acting as the final decision-maker in legal matters that come before it. Its role as the top court in the country puts it in a position of power and influence over lower courts, effectively making it the boss of all courts. With the power to interpret the Constitution and determine the constitutionality of laws, the Supreme Court's rulings have far-reaching impacts on society and shape the legal landscape for generations to come. Its decisions are carefully considered and have a significant impact on the direction of the nation. This combination of authority and impact solidifies the Supreme Court's position as the highest judicial body in the land.

Over the years, the Supreme Court of India has made some landmark decisions that have had a significant impact on the country. These decisions are like game-changing moments in a match, where the referee's call determines the outcome. From upholding the fundamental rights of citizens to interpreting key provisions of the Constitution, the Supreme Court's rulings shape the course of justice in India.

Also Read - The Preamble of the Indian Constitution Unveiled


Understanding Criminal Law in India

Next, we will dive into what criminal law is and how it is like the rules that tell us what is not allowed and what happens if someone breaks them.

What is Criminal Law?

Criminal law is a branch of law that deals with behavior that is considered harmful to society as a whole. It encompasses a wide range of offenses, from minor infractions to serious crimes such as murder and robbery. The purpose of criminal law is to establish a set of rules and regulations that govern the behavior of individuals, and to provide punishment for those who violate these laws. Criminal law is constantly evolving and being shaped by society's changing values and beliefs. It is a complex and multifaceted field that requires a deep understanding of legal principles and procedures. Ultimately, criminal law seeks to maintain order and protect the safety and well-being of all members of society.

The Indian Penal Code: The Big List of No-Nos

The Indian Penal Code, which was enacted in 1860, is a comprehensive legal document that outlines various criminal offenses and their corresponding punishments in India. It is considered to be one of the oldest and most influential penal codes in the world, serving as a framework for understanding and addressing criminal behavior in the country. While some critics argue that certain sections of the code are outdated and in need of reform, others believe that it provides a necessary structure for maintaining law and order. Overall, the Indian Penal Code plays a crucial role in shaping the legal system of India and ensuring justice for all individuals.


Learning to Play by the Rules: Legal Education in India

We will explore how people in India learn to understand and work with the law, just like training to be a great player in a sport.

How Do You Become a Lawyer?

To become a lawyer in India, individuals must fulfill educational criteria, succeed in an entrance examination, and officially join a Bar Council. Here is a detailed outline of the necessary steps.

1. Educational Qualification:

  • You can opt for either a 5-year integrated law degree (BA LLB, BBA LLB, BSc LLB etc.) after passing Class 12.
  • Alternatively, you can pursue a 3-year LLB program after completing your graduation in any discipline.

2. Entrance Exams:

  • Scoring well in a law entrance exam is crucial for admission to a good law school.
  • Common entrance exams include the Consortium of Law Schools (CLAT), All India Law Entrance Test (AILET), and Law School Admission Test (LSAT-India).

3. Law Degree:

  • Enroll in a law school recognized by the Bar Council of India (BCI).
  • The curriculum covers various legal subjects, including constitutional law, criminal law, civil law, property law, and legal writing.

4. Bar Council Registration:

  • After obtaining your law degree, register with the Bar Council of India or the State Bar Council of the state where you intend to practice.

The Best Law Schools

Here are some of the Top Law Schools in India according to various rankings including NIRF (National Institutional Ranking Framework) by the Ministry of Education and India Today:

  • National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore: Consistently ranked No. 1, NLSIU is a premier law school known for its rigorous academics, distinguished faculty, and strong alumni network.
  • National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal: Another top contender, NLIU Bhopal offers a holistic legal education with a focus on research, placements, and international collaborations.
  • West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS), Kolkata: NUJS is known for its excellent faculty, vibrant campus culture, and commitment to social justice.
  • Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU), Raipur: HNLU has grown in reputation with its focus on innovative teaching methods, diverse course offerings, and a strong emphasis on mooting competitions.
  • Gujarat National Law University (GNLU), Gandhinagar: GNLU is appreciated for its quality education, research facilities, and commitment to providing practical legal training.
  • Symbiosis Law School, Pune: This private law school is a leader with its excellent infrastructure, strong industry linkages, and a global outlook.
  • Faculty of Law, University of Delhi (DU Law): DU Law offers a well-regarded program at an affordable cost, with a central location and alumni network in Delhi.
  • Indian Law Society's Law College (ILS Law), Pune: ILS Law is a heritage institution with a distinguished faculty and a strong alumni network, particularly in Western India.
  • Jindal Global Law School (JGLS), Sonipat: JGLS is a private law school known for its modern campus, international collaborations, and focus on corporate law.
  • Amity Law School, Noida: Amity Law School offers a wide range of specializations and is known for its focus on practical training and placements.



Conclusion: Understanding the Guardians of the Law

As we come to the end of our journey through the Indian Judiciary system, it's important to remember that the legal system in India is like a shield that protects everyone and ensures that justice is served. The Indian Judiciary, with its courts and laws, acts as the guardians of the law, working tirelessly to keep everyone safe and treated fairly.

Indian Judiciary: The Protectors of Justice

The Indian Judiciary, including the Supreme Court and all other courts, plays a crucial role in upholding the rule of law and ensuring that everyone's rights are respected. Just like superheroes who fight for justice, the judges and legal professionals in India work diligently to interpret and apply the law fairly to protect the rights of all individuals.

Legal System: Safeguarding Rights and Freedoms

Through the Indian Constitution and the legal framework in place, the legal system in India safeguards the rights and freedoms of its citizens. It ensures that everyone is treated equally under the law and that justice is accessible to all. The laws serve as a guide to maintain order and harmony in society.

Protection and Fairness: Upholding the Rule of Law

By enforcing the laws and delivering justice, the Indian Judiciary upholds the rule of law and ensures that no one is above it. The courts act as impartial arbiters, making decisions based on evidence and legal principles to ensure fairness and equality for all. This system of justice is essential for a functioning and democratic society.

So, next time you hear about the Indian Judiciary or the legal system in India, remember that they are the guardians of the law, working tirelessly to protect and uphold justice for all. Just like the referees in a game, the courts and legal professionals ensure that everyone plays by the rules and that fairness prevails in society.



FAQs: Questions You Might Have

Why do we need laws?

Imagine playing a game without any rules. It would be chaotic, right? Laws are like the rules of our society. They tell us what we can and cannot do to keep things fair and safe for everyone. Just like in a game, laws make sure that everyone plays by the same rules and that there are consequences for breaking them.

What happens if someone breaks the law?

When someone breaks the law, it's like cheating in a game. Just like in a game where there are penalties for breaking the rules, breaking the law can have consequences. Depending on the severity of the offense, the person might have to face a trial in court and, if found guilty, they could be punished with fines, community service, or even jail time. The idea is to make sure everyone follows the rules to keep our society safe and fair for all.

Can the Supreme Court's decision be changed?

Once the Supreme Court makes a decision, it's like the final level in a video game. The decision is usually considered final and binding. However, in some rare cases, if new evidence comes to light or if there are legal errors in the decision, it is possible for the decision to be reviewed or overturned. Just like in a game where you might get a second chance to correct a mistake, the legal system allows for a process of appeal to ensure that justice is served fairly.


LLM Entrance Test Question Papers of AILET, ILI and CLAT 2022 exam

  1. AILET LLM Entrance Test 2022
  2. AILET LLM Key 2022
  3. ILI Question Paper 2022
  4. ILI Answer Key 2022
  5. LLM CLAT Answer Key 2022
  6. LLM CLAT Question Paper 2022



  • We are known for best coaching for Judicial services Exams and various law Entrance Exams such as LL.M. entrance Exams, LL.B. Entrance Exams, CLAT preparation, All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) coaching etc. Success stories of law aspirants begin at Juris Academy. Juris Academy's mock test series helps students to prepare well in advance entrance exams in a simulated environment, thereby having competitive edge over other candidates.


Contact Us

  • Address

    Juris Academy, 29A, Ground Floor, Kingsway Camp, Mall Road, Near GTB Nagar Metro Station Gate No 2, Opposite Gate No 3, Delhi 110009.

    Mobile: 8010905050