UPSC / IAS (Law Optional)

Juris Academy is one of the best online UPSC law optional coaching in India. The faculty at Juris Academy is experienced and highly knowledgeable. Intially we only offered online classes but now we also offer classroom coaching for UPSC Law Optional at the most affordable fees. The course is designed by experienced faculty who have been teaching Law Optional for UPSC exams for many years. The course covers all the topics required for the UPSC Law Optional exam. The course is divided into modules and each module has a number of lessons. The course also includes practice questions and mock tests.

Juris Academy is one of the top 10 UPSC Law Optional exam preparation institute in GTB Nagar. They provide comprehensive and customized coaching to each and every student according to their individual needs and requirements. The study material provided by Juris Academy is also very helpful and comprehensive. The mock tests and practice papers help the students to get an idea about the pattern of the UPSC Law Optional exam and to prepare themselves accordingly.
Best Law Institute

Seeking for UPSC / IAS Law Optional offline / online coaching from the comfort of your home? Juris Academy will be a one-stop solution for you.

Juris Academy is one of the top 10 UPSC Law Optional coaching in India. It has highly skilled teachers to guide aspirants for their examinations. It provides live video and recording sessions where a real classroom environment is created for preparation. The fee for UPSC / IAS Law Optional coaching is much affordable with an easy EMI option to pay. You will get the hard copies of study material with an advanced learning technique to qualify in the entrance exams.


The difficulty of UPSC Law optional depends on your background and approach to the subject. Candidates should dedicate time to thoroughly studying traditional textbooks and legal resources, along with practicing using past years' question papers. However, difficulty is subjective. Choose it if you find law engaging.

Constitutional and Administrative Law

  1. Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution.
  2. Fundamental rights – Public interest litigation; Legal Aid; Legal services authority.
  3. Relationship between fundamental rights, directive principles and fundamental duties.
  4. Constitutional position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers.
  5. Governor and his powers.
  6. Supreme Court and High Courts:
    1. Appointments and transfer.
    2. Powers, functions and jurisdiction.
  7. Centre, States and local bodies:
    1. Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States.
    2. Local bodies.
    3. Administrative relationship among Union, State and Local Bodies.
    4. Eminent domain – State property – common property – community property.
  8. Legislative powers, privileges and immunities.
  9. Services under the Union and the States:
    1. Recruitment and conditions of services; Constitutional safeguards; Administrative tribunals.
    2. Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions –Power and functions
    3. Election Commission – Power and functions.
  10. Emergency provisions.
  11. Amendment of the Constitution.
  12. Principles of natural justice – Emerging trends and judicial approach.
  13. Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.
  14. Separation of powers and constitutional governance.
  15. Judicial review of administrative action.
  16. Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc.

International Law

  1. Nature and definition of international law.
  2. Relationship between international law and municipal law.
  3. State recognition and state succession.
  4. Law of the sea: Inland waters, territorial sea, contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone, high seas.
  5. Individuals: Nationality, statelessness; Human rights and procedures available for their enforcement.
  6. Territorial jurisdiction of States, extradition and asylum.
  7. Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation.
  8. United Nations: Its principal organs, powers, functions and reform.
  9. Peaceful settlement of disputes – different modes.
  10. Lawful recourse to force: aggression, self-defence, intervention.
  11. Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law – International conventions and contemporary developments.
  12. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear weapons; Nuclear – non proliferation treaty, CTBT.
  13. International terrorism, state sponsored terrorism, hijacking, international criminal court.
  14. New international economic order and monetary law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.
  15. Protection and improvement of the human environment : International efforts.


Law of Crimes

Syllabus for IAS Law

  1. General principles of criminal liability: Mens rea and actus reus, mens rea in statutory offences.
  2. Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment.
  3. and criminal attempt.
  4. General exceptions.
  5. Joint and constructive liability.
  6. Abetment.
  7. Criminal conspiracy.
  8. Offences against the State.
  9. Offences against public tranquility.
  10. Offences against human body.
  11. Offences against property.
  12. Offences against women.
  13. Defamation.
  14. Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
  15. Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 and subsequent legislative developments.
  16. Plea bargaining.

Law of Torts

  1. Nature and definition.
  2. Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.
  3. Vicarious liability including State liability.
  4. General defences.
  5. Joint tort feasors.
  6. Remedies.
  7. Negligence.
  8. Defamation.
  9. Nuisance.
  10. Conspiracy.
  11. False imprisonment.
  12. Malicious prosecution.
  13. Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law

  1. Nature and formation of contract/E-contract.
  2. Factors vitiating free consent.
  3. Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
  4. Performance and discharge of contracts.
  5. Quasi- Contracts.
  6. Consequences of breach of contract.
  7. Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.
  8. Contract of agency.
  9. Sale of goods and hire purchase.
  10. Formation and dissolution of partnership.
  11. Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
  12. Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.
  13. Standard form contracts.

Contemporary Legal Developments

  1. Public Interest Litigation.
  2. Intellectual property rights – Concept, types/prospects.
  3. Information Technology Law including.
  4. Cyber Laws – Concept, purpose /prospects.
  5. Competition Law- Concept, purpose/prospects.
  6. Alternate Dispute Resolution–Concept, types/prospects.
  7. Major statutes concerning environmental law.
  8. Right to Information Act.
  9. Trial by media.

Yes, Law can be a good optional subject for the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) examination. However, it is important to consider a few factors before making a decision.
Firstly, Law as an optional subject can be beneficial for candidates who have a background or a degree in law. It provides them with an opportunity to utilize their knowledge and expertise in the subject. Additionally, candidates with a law background may find it easier to grasp concepts and understand the legal aspects of various topics.
Secondly, choosing Law as an optional subject can help in enhancing the analytical and critical thinking skills of aspirants. The subject requires thorough reading, interpretation, and analysis of legal provisions, which are essential skills for cracking the UPSC examination. Moreover, studying law also helps in developing a logical and structured approach towards problem-solving.
Furthermore, Law is a dynamic subject that is closely linked to various aspects of governance and administration. It covers topics such as constitutional law, administrative law, international law, criminal law, etc. These topics provide aspirants with a comprehensive understanding of the legal framework within which the government functions. This knowledge can be immensely helpful in answering questions related to governance, policymaking, and legal aspects of administration.
Moreover, studying Law as an optional subject can also be advantageous during the interview stage of the UPSC examination. The interview panel often asks questions related to legal issues and current affairs. Having a strong foundation in Law can enable candidates to confidently answer such questions and leave a lasting impression on the panel.
However, it is important to note that choosing any optional subject requires careful consideration. Candidates should assess their own strengths, interests, and aptitude before finalizing an optional subject. It is advisable to choose a subject that genuinely interests you and aligns with your career goals. Additionally, candidates should also consider the availability of study material, coaching support, and guidance for their chosen optional subject.
In conclusion, Law can be a good optional subject for the UPSC examination if you have a background or degree in law. It offers candidates an opportunity to utilize their knowledge and skills while enhancing their analytical thinking abilities. However, it is important to make an informed decision based on your own strengths, interests, and future aspirations. Good luck with your UPSC preparations!

The success rate for UPSC CSE Law optional is about 14%, meaning that approximately 14 out of every 100 candidates who opt for Law as their optional subject will qualify for the final interview stage. There are several factors contributing to the high success rate of Law optional: the syllabus remains consistent year after year, the subject overlaps with other key areas of the exam, and selecting Law is often regarded as an indication of dedication and diligence. While success is not guaranteed and requires hard work and effective studying, choosing Law as your optional subject can be a beneficial decision if you have an interest in the subject and believe you have the skills to excel in it.

Here are some of the past year toppers of UPSC CSE Law optional subject: Year 2022: Kritika Goyal (AIR 14)
Year 2021: Jaspinder Singh (AIR 33), Avinash Rao (AIR 31), Kaanchi Singhal (AIR 213)
Year 2020: Varuna Agrawal (AIR 38), Vasu Jain (AIR 67), Aayush Gupta (AIR 74), Anmol Mittal (AIR 91), Nirja Shah (AIR 213), Ishan Gupta (AIR 215), Aditya Mahar (AIR 668)
Year 2019: Ankita Agarwal (AIR 4), Ayush Rai (AIR 12), Akash Gupta (AIR 13), Pawan Goyal (AIR 17), Shubham Garg (AIR 22), Aditya Raj (AIR 25), Vaibhav Thakur (AIR 36), Manish Kumar (AIR 41), Shivangi Jain (AIR 43), Harshit Sharma (AIR 44)
Year 2018: Pratiksha Mishra (AIR 1), Ayush Upadhyay (AIR 2), Pranjal Shukla (AIR 3), Anshul Agarwal (AIR 5), Akash Gupta (AIR 9), Rishabh Jain (AIR 10), Sanket Kumar (AIR 11), Ashish Kumar (AIR 13), Siddharth Pandey (AIR 14), Abhishek Gupta (AIR 15)

UPSC Law Optional toppers


  • We are known for best coaching for Judicial services Exams and various law Entrance Exams such as LL.M. entrance Exams, LL.B. Entrance Exams, CLAT preparation, All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) coaching etc. Success stories of law aspirants begin at Juris Academy. Juris Academy's mock test series helps students to prepare well in advance entrance exams in a simulated environment, thereby having competitive edge over other candidates.


Contact Us

  • Address

    Juris Academy, 29A, Ground Floor, Kingsway Camp, Mall Road, Near GTB Nagar Metro Station Gate No 2, Opposite Gate No 3, Delhi 110009.

    Mobile: 8010905050